Volume 2, Issue 2 (summer 1998)                   jwss 1998, 2(2): 61-71 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (41573 Views)
Optimum rice population densities and the response of rice yield and yield components to population densities and planting pattern are important factors helping rice producers and researchers to achieve maximum productivity. For this reason, a randomized complete block design experiment was conducted during the summer of 1995 at Isfahan University of Technology Research Farm located at Lavark, Najafabad. Zayandeh-rood cultivar was transplanted with three seedlings per hill at row spacing of 15, 25 and 35 cm and hill spacing of 10, 15 and 20 cm under flooded conditions. Row spacing influenced the plant height significantly at heading and anthesis stages. Wider row spacing, enhanced days to 50% heading and anthesis and consequently grain filling duration and ripening stage coincided with unfavorable conditions at the end of the season, which decreased the percentage of maturity. Although number of tillers per unit area increased, tillers per plant decreased as row spacing was reduced. Narrow row spacing limited vegetative growth after anthesis and thereby growth rate of panicle increased. With reduction of row spacing, without any change in the percentage of full grains per panicle and grain weight, number of panicle per unit area increased but number of grains per panicle decreased. At greater row spacing, grain yield per unit area decreased although grain yield per plant and harvest index increased. Although, effects of hill spacing were similar to those of row spacing, hill spacing usually did not influence plant characters, yield components and grain yield significantly. Stepwise regression and path-coefficient analysis revealed that number of panicle per unit area is the most important yield components. It also showed that indirect effects of panicle per unit area on yield through its association with grain per panicle prevented real effects of grain per panicle on yield. Fifteen × 15 cm spacing produced maximum yield which is probably recommendable for rice production in Isfahan.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 1998/07/15

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