Volume 21, Issue 4 (Winter 2018)                   JWSS 2018, 21(4): 229-241 | Back to browse issues page


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Naserian M, Masjedi A. Investigation of Diameter of Riprap around the Bridge Abutment at 180-Degree River Bend. JWSS 2018; 21 (4) :229-241
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2577-en.html
1. Dept. of Water Eng., Faculty of Agric., Islamic Azad Univ., Ahvaz Branch, Ahvaz, Iran. , drmasjedi.2007@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (6177 Views)
River bend due to particular pattern, called 'Vortex Flow,' has greater erosion than straight path. Occurrence of scour around bridge abutment on curved paths is one of the main reasons for destruction of bridges. Riprap is one of the methods to control the scouring around the bridge abutment. The purpose of this study was to assess stability of the riprap around the bridge abutment at 180 degree river bend. In order to study stability of riprap around the bridge abutment, experiments were done in a laboratory flume made of Plexiglas under 180 degree bend, 2.8 m in central radius, 0.6 m in width and  R/B=4.67.  In this research, several experiments were done by placing a bridge abutment with vertical winged wall made of Plexiglas surrounded by a series of riprap.  Experiments were done by three different types of riprap with different density 1.7, 2.1 and 2.42, four different diameters 4.76, 9.52, 12.7 and 19.1 mm and four rates of discharge under pure water condition. In each experiment, flow depth was measured in terms of moving threshold and failure threshold and then the formulas were calculated by using data obtained. The results showed that the relative diameter of riprap increased with increasing Froude number in terms of moving threshold and failure threshold. Finally, the suitable formula to estimate diameter of riprap around the bridge abutment at 180 degree bend were presented in terms of moving threshold and failure threshold.
Full-Text [PDF 544 kb]   (1275 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2013/07/8 | Accepted: 2017/04/4 | Published: 2018/02/12

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