Volume 16, Issue 62 (Winte - 2013 2013)                   JWSS 2013, 16(62): 163-173 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (12648 Views)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of potassium zeolite on ammonium ion sorption and retention in a saturated sandy loam soil in laboratory conditions with four treatments of 0, 2, 4 and 8 g zeolite per kg soil. The study was conducted as a completely randomized block design. Simulation of ammonium ion leaching was performed using Hydrus-1D model in the soil columns. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer with a concentration of 10g per liter was added to soil columns and then leaching was performed. Results of the study showed that adding potassium zeolite to soil causes reduction in the mobility of ammonium ion and increase in the retention of ammonium in soil. Also, the results of the Convection- Dispersion (CDE) and Mobile- Immobile (MIM) models investigation indicated that the ammonium ion sorption by soil followed the Freundlich isotherm model. Absorption isotherms and diffusion and dispersion coefficients were determined using the inverse modeling technique. Based on the results obtained, optimized values of Freundlich isotherm of model were much less than the observed amounts. This shows that the Hydrus-1D model is not able to predict the ammonium ion mobility in soil macropores, and as a result, reduces greatly the amount of absorption parameters. Because the soil was disturbed, CDE model estimation was closer to the observed values in all four treatments
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2013/03/13 | Published: 2013/05/8