Volume 16, Issue 61 (fall 2012)                   JWSS 2012, 16(61): 247-260 | Back to browse issues page

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, karimi-a@um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (12559 Views)
Magnetic susceptibility measurement is a simple and quick technique for characterizing soils and sediments and describing soil-forming processes. The interpretation of soil magnetic susceptibility data needs sufficient knowledge about the factors affecting this parameter. To identify the effects of parent material, gypsum and calcium carbonate equivalent, 42 samples were taken from horizons of soils developed on loessial, alluvial, granitic and marly materials in southern Mashhad. Gypsum and carbonates of soil samples were removed by successive washing with distilled water and diluted HCl, respectively. Magnetic susceptibility of bulk samples (lfbulk), gypsum free samples (lfGf), gypsum and carbonates free samples (lfGCf) and gypsum, carbonates and sand free samples (lfGCSf) was measured. The results revealed a strong 1:1 correlation between the measured and calculated lfGf and lfGCf. Despite the high amounts of gypsum and carbonates in soils developed on marls, their lfbulk was much more than that of the other soils and reached up to 121.8×10-8m3 kg-1. In contrast, the lfbulk values of saprolitic granite were less than 10.4×10-8m3 kg-1. The lfbulk values of loessial and alluvial soils were less than those of marly soils but higher than those of soils developed on saprolitic granite. lfbulk values were negatively correlated with the amount of sand. However, reduction in magnetic susceptibility values of marly soils after removing sand reflects the different nature of this soil. The correlation between lfbulk and amount of silt and clay is positive, but the magnetic susceptibility values are more sensitive to clay percentage, indicating the more important contribution of clay to magnetic susceptibility values. The results of this study highlight the role of parent materials, gypsum and carbonates in the soil magnetic susceptibility values that should be considered.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/12/27 | Published: 2012/10/15