Volume 16, Issue 60 (Summer 2012)                   JWSS 2012, 16(60): 145-157 | Back to browse issues page


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SH. Ghorbani Dashtaki, S. Dehghani Baniani, H. Khodaverdiloo, J. Mohammadi, B. Khalilmoghaddam. Estimation of Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity and Inverse of Macroscopic Capillary Length Using PTFs. JWSS. 2012; 16 (60) :145-157
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2317-en.html

Abstract:   (14354 Views)
Saturated hydraulic conductivity (Kfs) and macroscopic capillary length of soil pores are important hydraulic properties for water flow and solute transport modeling. Measuring these parameters is tedious, time consuming and expensive. One way is using indirect methods such as Pedotransfer functions (PTFs). The objective of this research was to develop some PTFs for estimating saturated hydraulic conductivity and inverse of macroscopic capillary length parameters (*). Therefore, the coefficients, Kfs and * from 60 points of Azadegan plain in Shahrekord were measured using single ring and multiple constant head method. Also, some of the readily available soil parameters from the two first pedogenic layers of the soils were obtained. Then, the desired PTFs were developed using stepwise multiple linear regression. The accuracy and reliability of the derived PTFs were evaluated using root mean square error (RMSE), mean error (ME), relative error (RE) and Pearson correlation coefficient (r). The highest correlation coefficients of 0.92 and 0.72 were found between Kfs-bulk density and *-bulk density, respectively. There was no significant correlation between soil particle size distribution and Kfs and *. This can be related to the fact that most of the soil samples were similar in texture and macro pores. The most efficient PTFs in predicting Kfs and * could explain 85 and 66 percent of the variability of these parameters, respectively. All the derived PTFs underestimated the Kfs and * parameters.
Full-Text [PDF 354 kb]   (2386 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/09/15

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