Volume 6, Issue 3 (fall 2002)                   jwss 2002, 6(3): 213-220 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (23799 Views)
Effect of supplemental phytase on phosphorus and protein utilization and performance of broiler chickens fed on eight different wheat varieties were evaluated. The phytate contents of wheat varieties were determined. In a completely randomized design with a 8*3 factorial arrangement, 384 day-old commercial male brioler chicks (HubbardPeterson) were divided into 96 groups, four chicks per group. Each of the 24 experimental diets (eight varieties) and three levels of phytase (zero, 500 and 1000 FTU/Kg) were given to four replicates for a period of 21 days. At 21 days of age, chickens of each replicate were weighed and killed by cervical dislocation. Ileal contents were collected and analyzed for P, N, phytate and chromic oxide. Left tibia of two birds in each replicate were removed, pooled and stored at -20oC for bone ash determination. There was a significant (P<0.03) difference in phytate contents between different wheat varieties. Effect of wheat varieties on body weight, feed conversion ratio and bone ash was significant (P<0.05). Added phytase improved body weight, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio and bone ash significantly (P<0.05). Phytase added at 500 FTU/Kg, improved protein digestibility significantly (P<0.01), but increasing the supplement to 1000 FTU/Kg had no further effect. Difference between enzyme levels (500 and 1000 FTU/Kg) was not significant regarding body weight, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio and bone ash. Overall addition of phytase to the diets containing wheat caused an improvement in performance, protein digestibility, and phytase phosphorus utilization in broiler chickens, and can, therefore, be used in diets to reduce feed cost and environmental problems.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 2002/10/15

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