Volume 5, Issue 1 (spring 2001)                   JWSS 2001, 5(1): 117-126 | Back to browse issues page

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Mirlohi A, Hajabassi M, Razavi S, Ghanaati E. Cron Hybrids Responses to Two Methods of Tillage. JWSS. 2001; 5 (1) :117-126
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-221-en.html
Abstract:   (29382 Views)

Soil loss due to erosion is a common problem in most parts of Iran. Reduced soil organic matter and lack of proper agricultural management have intensified the problem in recent years. Conservation tillage systems are becoming more widely used in corn production in other parts of the world because of soil losses due to wind and water erosion and energy inputs. Changes in tillage methods, however, create different environments for the germination, development and maturation of corn plants. Most corn hybrids have been selected and developed under conventional tillage systems but these hybrids mayor may not be well adapted to both systems. This study aims to evaluate the performance of five locally grown corn hybrids under zero and conventional tillage methods. The experiment was conducted for 2 years on a plot of land specified for this study. Experimental design was a split plot with randomized complete block arrangement and four replications.

Seedling and juvenile plant growth were not affected by tillage method and were similar for all hybrids. Plant dry matter was affected significantly by the cropping system and was lower in no-till method. Plant leaf area index and stem diameter reduced significantly in the no-till system. Reduction was greater in the second year of the experiment. Also grain yields were significantly different among years, tillage method and plant genotypes. Yield reduction was highest in the second year of the experiment under no-till cropping system. There was no interaction between tillage method and corn genotypes, indicating that, usually genotypes perform similarly with regard to grain yield under both tillage methods. The results suggest that corn production under no-till system in Isfahan is probably associated with yield reduction.

Full-Text [PDF 530 kb]   (2296 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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