Volume 16, Issue 59 (spring 2012)                   JWSS 2012, 16(59): 153-167 | Back to browse issues page

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M. Mansourzadeh, F. Raiesi. The Effect of Eradican (EPTC) on Microbial Biomass C and N, and Urease and Arylsulphatase Activities in a Calcareous Soil under Field Conditions. JWSS. 2012; 16 (59) :153-167
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2205-en.html
, mahshidmansourzadeh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (13568 Views)
The application of herbicides as organic chemical compounds to control pest and weeds may affect the population and activity of microorganisms, and this may have an influence on biochemical processes that are important for soil fertility and plant growth. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate different loading rates of eradican (EPTC) on soil microbial biomass C and N, microbial biomass C/N ratio and the activities of urease and arylsulphatase under field conditions. In this experiment, loading rates of 6 and 9 L ha-1 eradican were applied to a calcareous soil cultivated with corn (Zea mays L.) and left uncultivated using split-plots arranged in a completely randomized block design with three replications. The experiment was conducted in the Kabootarabad’s Agricultural Research Center, Isfahan. Soil microbial biomass C and N were determined at 30th and 90th days after the onset of experiment and the activities of urease and arylsulphatase were assayed at 30th, 60th and 90th days. Results showed that in soils cultivated with corn microbial biomass C increased with increasing eradican levels and in both cultivated and uncultivated soils microbial biomass N and microbial biomass C/N ratios were increased over the control. At 30th day, urease activity at 6 L ha-1 level reduced, while at 9 L ha-1 level it increased compared with the control soils. At 60 day, there was no significant difference in the urease activity between the treatments. At 90th day, the activity of urease showed slight fluctuations. There was a reduction in arylsulphatase activity of the cultivated soils by increasing the loading rates of eradican during the experiment, and in uncultivated soils no trend was observed. Briefly, the use of eradican can cause either reduced or increased microbial biomass sizes and enzyme activities in calcareous soils These changes, however, depend largely upon the application rate of eradican, time elapsed since eradican application (i.e., sampling date) and the presence or absence of plant
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/07/4

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