Volume 16, Issue 59 (spring 2012)                   jwss 2012, 16(59): 117-126 | Back to browse issues page

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M. Esfahani Moghaddam, A. Fotovat, GH. Haghnia. Effects of Sewage Sludge and Synthetic Chelates on Distribution of Silver in Calcareous and Noncalcareous Soils. jwss 2012; 16 (59) :117-126
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2202-en.html
, esfahanimoghaddam@gmail.com
Abstract:   (13940 Views)
Silver toxicity and its fate in the environment are currently being debated and are important as challenging research topics. Even though there are several studies on its total content in soils, fractionation of Ag especially in calcareous soils has not been investigated. Therefore, to provide fundamental information on the chemical behavior of Ag in calcareous and noncalcareous soils, we studied 8-step chemical fractions of Ag (i.e., EXCH, CARB, Me-Org, re-MeOx, H2O2-Org, am-MeOx, cr-FeOx, and RES) after 30 and 60 days of incubation in soils amended with Ag (0 and 15 mg kg-1), sewage sludge (0 and 20 t ha-1) and EDTA (0 and 0.5%). Experimental results showed that redistribution of Ag in spiked noncalcareous soils was EXCH (34%), H2O2-Org (33%) and RES (17%). In calcareous soils, after 30 days, EXCH- and RES-Ag increased but at the end of 60 days H2O2-Org-Ag increased. Based on our data, we could conclude that addition of Ag results in an increase of Ag mobility in soils but incubation and sewage sludge may have adverse effect on its mobility. In contrast to noncalcareous soil, EDTA in calcareous soil resulted in higher Ag mobility. This may have environmental implications in Ag polluted calcareous soils.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/07/4 | Published: 2012/04/15

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