Volume 18, Issue 67 (Spring 2014)                   JWSS 2014, 18(67): 289-300 | Back to browse issues page


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M. Kiani, M. Gheysari, B. Mostafazadeh-Fard, M. M. Majidi and E. Landi. Determination of Crop Water Use and Crop Coefficient of Two Hybrids of Sunflower (Euroflor and Sirna) under Drip-Tape Irrigation System. JWSS. 2014; 18 (67) :289-300
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2188-en.html

Abstract:   (6108 Views)
The purpose of this study was to measure daily and seasonal evapotranspiration and daily crop coefficient of two common varieties of sunflower (Sirna and Euroflor) via drip-tape irrigation system. For this purpose, the sunflower water use was determined by daily monitoring of soil moisture at the depths of 10, 20, 30, 40 and 60 cm, and the crop evapotranspiration (ETC) was measured using volume balance method. According to the equation recommended by FAO, the obtained value of KC for Euroflor and Sirna varieties at the initial stage was 0.32. According to volume balance method, the Euroflor KC value for development, middle, and late stages were found to be 0.75, 1.18 and 0.9 and for Sirna were found to be 0.72, 1.15 and 0.84 respectively. Seasonal amount of evapotranspiration for Euroflor and Sirna varieties was equal to 601 and 575 mm, which was 26 and 30 percent less than seasonal ET0 in Isfahan. The average value of during the sunflower growing season was 0.77, which was greater than that offered by Doorenbose and Pruitt (0.55). As the crop coefficients of two varieties were different during the growing season and they were also different from FAO KC, measuring the actual amount of KC as a function of growing degree days can increase the accuracy of the estimated ETc and help develop the crop models in order to improve the irrigation management.
Full-Text [PDF 423 kb]   (941 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/06/28 | Accepted: 2013/03/3 | Published: 2014/06/11

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