Volume 15, Issue 56 (sumer 2011)                   JWSS 2011, 15(56): 155-167 | Back to browse issues page

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A.R. Melali, M.A. Hajabbasi, M. Afyuni, A. H. Khoshgoftarmanesh. Phytoremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons Sewage Sludge in Isfahan Refinery. JWSS. 2011; 15 (56) :155-167
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1715-en.html
, arm_melali@ag.iut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (28314 Views)
The petroleum refinery sludge is an important source of environmental pollution. Burning and burying of the sludge may have adverse effects on environment and human health. Thus, other mechanisms for decreasing the toxic effects of hydrocarbon substances in the sludge must be used. In this study, Isfahan refinery sludge was dewatered, air dried and mixed by 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40% w/w ratio with two calcareous soils, viz., Mahmoud Abad (Typic Haplocalcids with clay texture) and Bagh Parandegan (Anthropic Torrifluvents with silty loam texture). Different mixtures of soil and sludge were farmed for 21 days and irrigated on a daily basis to field capacity. Then, 100 seeds of Tallfescue (Festuca arundinacea) and Agropyron were planted in polluted soils with 3 replicates in 3 kg pots for 5 months. Result showed that Tallfescue and Agropyron yields decreased in sludge contaminated treatments. In the 40% sludge treatment, Tallfescue decreased the total petroleum hydrocarbons content by 65 percent. The highest degradation for agropyron was in the 30% sludge treatment which showed about 55% reduction in total petroleum hydrocarbons. The 40% sludge treatment resulted in the minimum yields of root and shoot plants. The highest degradation of TPHs occurred in the Tallfescue rhizospher of 40% sludge. Maximum degradation of TPHs on the Agropyron rhizospher was in 30% sludge mixed with Bage parandegan soil, but maximum yield of plant was in 20% sludge. Our study shows that Tallfescue rhizospher is most effective for decreasing TPHs, and that the phytoremediation in soils with more clay can adsorb and fix the toxic components and then at higher levels of pollutions can let the plants grow.
Full-Text [PDF 259 kb]   (7652 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2011/10/11

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