Volume 17, Issue 64 (summer 2013)                   JWSS 2013, 17(64): 81-93 | Back to browse issues page

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Dorostkar V, Afyuni M, Khoshgoftarmanesh A. Effects of Preceding Crop Residues on Total and Bio-available Zinc Concentration and Phytic Acid Concentration in Wheat Grain. JWSS. 2013; 17 (64) :81-93
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1687-en.html
PhD. Student Isfahan University of Technology
Abstract:   (7331 Views)
Limited information is available about the effect of preceding crop residues on bioavailability of zinc (Zn) in calcareous soil and its accumulation in wheat grain. In this experiment, residues of five crops including safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.), sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), clover (Trifolium pretense L.) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) were incorporated into a calcareous Zn-deficient (0.5 mg kg-1) soil. A treatment without crop residue was also used in the experiment. This experiment was conducted in research greenhouse of Isfahan university of technology in 2010. Two wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum cvs. Backcross and Kavir) differing in Zn-efficiency were studied in the experiment. Incorporating crop residues into the soil resulted in an increase of grain Zn concentration in both wheat cultivars although this increase was dependent on the preceding crop type. The greatest increase of grain Zn concentration occurred in the sorghum residues treatments. Although application of crop residues significantly decreased grain phytic acid to Zn molar ratio (as Zn bioavailability criteria for consumers), this ratio was still higher than 15, the critical Zn bioavailability level for consumers in foods. According to the results, despite the increase in the total Zn content, the bioavailability of Zn in wheat grain was not affected by crop residue treatments.
Full-Text [PDF 425 kb]   (1353 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2011/10/1 | Accepted: 2012/06/16 | Published: 2013/09/16

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