Volume 4, Issue 2 (summer 2000)                   jwss 2000, 4(2): 141-154 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghahari H, Hatami B. Morphological and Biological Studies of Greenhouse Whitefly [Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae)] in Isfahan. jwss 2000; 4 (2) :141-154
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-167-en.html
Abstract:   (24004 Views)

The difficulties of control of greenhouse whitefly on crops and greenhouse plants make extensive studies and investigations necessary in different areas of Iran. Morphological and biological studies were carried out on a prevailing species of greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood, in Isfahan.

In this study, six species of whiteflies T. vaporariorum on Althaea sp. and Lantana camara, Bemisia tabaci Gennadius, B. argentifolii Bellows & Perring and B. hancoki Corbett, on Lantana camara, Aleyrodes proletella L. on Brassica sp. and Aleyrodes rosae on Rosa sp. were collected. These species were described using different identification keys. Morphological characteristics and different growth stages of greenhouse whitefly including egg, 1st to 4th nymphal instars and adult were defined and figures drawn. Biological studies were conducted in 24±1°C, 65±5% RH and 16:8 (L:D) on eggplant, solanum melongena. The developmental time for egg, 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th nymphal instars was 7.33±0.48, 3.37±0.52, 3.25±0.45, 2.51±0.26 and 7.66±0.83 days, respectively. The total period from egg to adult lasted 24.12±0.51 days. The number of eggs laid in 24 hours varied between 1 to 10 with an average of 5.93±1.67. Life-span of the male ranged between 19 to 23 with an average of 20.88±1.54 and that of the female varied between 20 to 28 with an average of 26.44±1.17 days. Four nymphal instars were identified and three substages for the 4th nymphal instars were determined. There was a positive correlation between nymphal instars and average body length and width. Since only male offsprings were produced through parthenogenesis, the strain of greenhouse whitefly in Isfahan was found to be European.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 2000/07/15

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