Volume 4, Issue 2 (summer 2000)                   jwss 2000, 4(2): 43-58 | Back to browse issues page

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Malek Mohammadi I, Shafii Alavijeh A. Measuring Mutual Understanding among Natural Resources Managers, Extension Agents and Nomads for Nomads Problems in Utilizing Animal and Natural Resources in Isfahan Province. jwss 2000; 4 (2) :43-58
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-157-en.html
Abstract:   (23945 Views)

Mutual understanding among officials and followers has been a point of concern in behavioral management. Natural resources extension which, from the very first step, is concerned with the exploration of practical problems is in serious need of an atmosphere of mutual understanding between agents and clientele. In this research, attention was drawn toward the measurement of mutual understanding between executives and nomads regarding nomads’ problems in utilizing natural resources and breeding cattle in Isfahan Province. For this purpose, initially, understanding between nomads and natural resources administrators (extension agents and specialists) regarding their respective problems were measured and compared. The research population of the study consisted of two groups. The first, involved 32 administrators, extension agents and specialists, and the second, 75 nomad families. Two different questionnaires were developed for the study as research instruments in which 52 items regarding nomad problems were included. Each part of the population was asked to rank the items accordingly. Then, some nonparametric tests such as Kruscall Wallis and Mann Whitny U tests were applied to compare the mean rank for each item within and between the two groups.

Results showed that the administrators and nomads had different attitudes in only two of the 52 items. Administrators had no statistically significant different attitude in 52 problems. Eliminating the discriminating items, the attitudes in only two groups were compared and results showed that they had no significant difference in the remaining 48 items. Therefore, extension agents can follow these problems based on their mean rank priority in their developmental projects. This method of data reduction and understanding field constraints can be applied to the studies dealing with planning agricultural and/or natural resources development projects through extension education.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 2000/07/15

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