Volume 4, Issue 2 (summer 2000)                   JWSS 2000, 4(2): 13-28 | Back to browse issues page

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Hassanli A, Sepaskhah A. Evaluation of Drip Irrigation Systems (A Case Study of Citrus Gardens in Darab). JWSS. 2000; 4 (2) :13-28
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-155-en.html
Abstract:   (28782 Views)

In this study, seven citrus gardens in different parts of Darab were chosen to evaluate the drip irrigation systems. The evaluation process was based on the Merriam and Keller’s model (1978). Besides the evaluation of drip irrigation systems, the water requirement of citrus was estimated using four models including Blany-Criddle modified by FAO, Hargrive-Samani, Pan Evaporation and Solomon-Kodama model. On the basis of the results obtained by Hargrive-Samani with 1296 mm annual water requirements, a comparison was made between irrigation with existing systems and irrigation under favorable and desired conditions.

The results from field measurements indicate a considerable reduction in the emitter discharges. The low pressure and emitter clogging could be two major reasons for the problem. Low pressure at head control, topography, head losses and also using no filter(s) or unefficient filters are the main reasons for the reduction. In some gardens, overirrigation even up to 2.5 times of water requirement was practiced by using extra emitters and increased irrigation times. Overirrigation causes considerable water losses through deep percolation and in reased overwetting area.

Field measurements indicated a good emission uniformity (EU) for the fields with overirrigation. EU in chosen fields varied from 40 to 91%, AELQ varied from 31 to 82% (poor to good) and PELQ varied from 36 to 82%. This study showed that most farmers are not familiar with plant water requirements. The fields with efficient filtration due to using extra emitters per plant are mainly overirrigated. But fields without any filter of unefficient filters are not irrigated sufficiently. The very high manufacturing variation coefficient of IEM emitters (Cv=0.22), which are widely used in Darab, causes a design emission uniformity of 55%.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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