Volume 15, Issue 55 (spring 2011)                   JWSS 2011, 15(55): 27-38 | Back to browse issues page

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A. Masjedi, M. Gholamzadeh Mahmoodi. Investigation into Effect of Collar in Controling Scour around Circular Bridge Pier at a 180 Degree Bend . JWSS. 2011; 15 (55) :27-38
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1541-en.html
, drmasjedi2007@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (20056 Views)
Every year river flooding causes serious damage to the bridges at the time needed most. One of the most effective factors causing bridge failure is scouring around the piers in a river bend. One of the methods to decrease scouring around the bridge piers is fitting them with a coller on the piers. The collars protect the river bed against vortex flow in the vicinity of the pier base. An experiment was conducted to study lab flumes made of Plaxiglass with a 180 degree bend and 2.8 m central radius and a 0.6 m width. In this study, a 6cm diameter pier was placed with a circular collar with four different collar sizes in one position in bend with constant discharge and depth under clear-water conditions. The collar was placed at four different elevations. The soil material had a diameter of d50 = 2mm and geometric standard deviation of σg = 1.3. The results of the model study indicated that the maximum depth scouring was highly dependent on the experimental duration. It was observed that as the size of a collar plate increases, the scour decreases. So, minimum depth of scour is dependent on the 3D coller and -0.1D elevation. Circular collar results in maximum reduction in scour depth (93%) compared with no circular collar.
Full-Text [PDF 284 kb]   (2877 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2011/06/25

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