Volume 17, Issue 64 (summer 2013)                   JWSS 2013, 17(64): 149-159 | Back to browse issues page

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Noori gheidari M H. Determintion of Effective Wells to Monitor the Ground Water Level Using the Principal Components Analysis. JWSS. 2013; 17 (64) :149-159
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1537-en.html
Assistant Professor Azad university of zanjan
Abstract:   (5927 Views)
In order to monitor the changing water table in the field, determination of the main sampling points is very important to reduce sites and save time and cost. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is one of the data reduction techniques used to extract the important components that explain the variance of a system. In this paper, the PCA was used to identify the effective wells of Qheidar Aqufer, Zanjan, to determine the groundwater level and remove the less important ones. From the study region which an area of about 920 km2, 48 wells (sites) were investigated. Using PCA, the relative importance of each well was calculated between 0 (for completely ineffective well) to 1 (for the very effective wells). The study showed the elimination of wells whose relative importance was less than 0.5 (i.e. half the total number of wells), coefficient of variation of groundwater level relative to the use of all wells did not greatly increase, and the error to determine the level of groundwater was less than 13 percent.
Full-Text [PDF 372 kb]   (1426 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2011/06/22 | Accepted: 2012/09/23 | Published: 2013/09/16

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