Volume 4, Issue 1 (spring 2000)                   jwss 2000, 4(1): 137-148 | Back to browse issues page

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Basirat M, Seyedoleslami H. Biology of Pistachio Seed Wasp [Eurytoma plotnikovi Nikolskaya (Hym.: Eurytomidae)] in Isfahan Province, Iran. jwss 2000; 4 (1) :137-148
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-131-en.html
Abstract:   (27292 Views)

In 1996 and 1997 pistachio orchards in Isfahan Province were surveyed to determine the presence and damage levels by Eurytoma plotnikovi Nikolskaya and Megastigmus pistacia Walker. In order to investigate seasonal population fluctuation of E. plotnikovi, larval, pupal and adult stages were monitored in three orchards. In each orchard, 200 nuts with more than 50% infestation to overwintering larvae were dissected and examined twice weekly. In 1997 in one orchard, at intervals of one week, 100 randomly selected fresh nuts were examined to determine oviposition trend and damage development. In this field, the biology of the pest was also compared to developmental stages of pistachio trees. In most orchards visited, E. plonikovi was present and was the dominant species in relation to M. pistacia and its damage varied between 0.8-75%. In 1997, start, peak, and end of pupal stage were observed on April 4th, May 7th and May 21st. Start, peak and end of adult emergence occurred on May 4th, May 18th and June 4th. In two other orchards, almost a similar trend was observed. Start, peak and end of oviposition were also observed on May 18th, May 28th and July 2nd. Development of pistachio tree was divided into nine stages and the above mentioned dates were compared to that.

E. plotnikovi had one generation every one or two years. Only one egg was found in each infested fruit and first stage larvae had a long prefeeding period. The use of the information obtained from this study in the management of these pests is discussed.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 2000/04/15

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