Volume 12, Issue 46 (1-2009)                   JWSS 2009, 12(46): 815-826 | Back to browse issues page

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, heidar@cc.iut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (21791 Views)
In this study, the flow characteristics have been investigated by measuring separation zone, surface and velocity profiles over the circular crested side weirs. An equation was proposed for the length of the separation zone using dimensional, statistical and regression analysis. The dimensional analysis showed that the length of separation zone depends on the upstream to the downstream water depth over the side weir, channel width to the downstream water depth and the Froude number. Comparison of the longitudinal and sectional surface profiles showed that the surface profiles at the vicinity of the side weir are non-uniform, due to separation zone close to the side weir. Therefore, the suitable place for measuring the characteristics of flow is along the centre line of the channel. It was observed that the maximum velocity occurred below the surface water which might be due to the secondary flow around the side weir. By increasing the distance far enough from the side weir, the effects of secondary flow were minimized and the velocity profiles tended to be uniform.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2010/06/19 | Published: 2009/01/15