Volume 12, Issue 46 (1-2009)                   JWSS 2009, 12(46): 463-474 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (19984 Views)
Overtopping is one of the main factors responsible for dam failure. To avoid overtopping, dam is equipped with one or some spillways to release the water impounded in the reservoir. The number and size of these spillways are determined on the basis of design flood. Determination of design flood of dam spillway can be formulated as a multiobjective risk problem. This problem can be solved by Quantitative Risk Analysis Methods. Here, four economical design methods which are based on risk analysis including, United States National Research Council (NRC), US Civil Engineering, Unit Curve and Partitioned Multiobjective Risk (PMR) were studied. In order to compare these methods, Risk Analysis was performed for re-determining design flood of Pishin Dam Spillway. This Dam has been constructed on the Sarbaz River. Owing to the fact that the integrals of the expected damage relations in the two methods, i.e., Civil Engineering, and Partitioned Multiobjective Risk are analytically unsolvable, Romberg numerical integration technique and Excel software were utilized for the related calculations and drawing graphs. Also, in order to select suitable distribution, the flood analysis was done using Smada software. The findings of the study indicated that design flood determined by the three methods, i.e., Civil Engineering, National Research Council and Unit Curve was almost the same, and that the amount of flood was less than the 10,000-year-old flood while design flood determined by Partitioned Multiobjective Risk Method, was larger than the 10,000- year-old flood.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2010/06/16