Volume 12, Issue 46 (1-2009)                   jwss 2009, 12(46): 435-446 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

, hmoazed955@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (25724 Views)
Tracer experiments are very important in the studies related to aquifer contamination for determination of dispersion coefficient. In this study, the effect of sampling method on the dispersion coefficients of two simulated sandy aquifers was examined. The physical model was made from Plexiglas material with inner length, width and height of 72, 10 and 120 cm, respectively. A solution containing 9 g/l sodium chloride (Ec = 14 ds/m) was used as the non - reactive (conservative) contaminant. Homogeneous sands with coarse and medium particle sizes were used as media for the simulated aquifers. The experiments were carried out in the aquifers with various thicknesses from 20 to 100 cm with 10 cm thickness increment. Point and mixed samples were taken through all experiments. The results of the study showed that (1) for both simulated aquifers, the dispersion coefficient values obtained by point sampling method were close to the values obtained by other researchers from laboratory experiments (2) In all the experiments, the dispersion coefficient values obtained by mixed sampling method were higher than those obtained by the point sampling method (3) with increasing the aquifer thickness, the dispersion coefficient values obtained from the mixed samples varied but did not have a uniform trend which could be due to the unavoidable experimental errors and (4) there was no difference between the breakthrough and pore volume curves of various aquifer thicknesses obtained from point and mixed samples. Overall, based on the results obtained from this research, in studies related to aquifer contamination, it is recommended to take point samples instead of mixed samples to obtain more precise results.
Full-Text [PDF 197 kb]   (3942 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2010/06/16 | Published: 2009/01/15

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.