Volume 10, Number 1 (spring 2006)                   JWSS 2006, 10(1): 189-199 | Back to browse issues page

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N. Farid, P. Ehsanzadeh. Yield and Yield Components of Spring-sown Safflower Genotypes and Their Response to Shading on Inflorescence and the Adjacent Green Tissue in Isfahan . JWSS. 2006; 10 (1) :189-199
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-532-en.html

Abstract:   (13288 Views)
A major source of photoassimilates deposited into the seeds is the closest photosynthetic source to the latter sinks. While the contribution made to grain yield by floral parts and the adjacent photosynthetic surfaces has been determined for a number of crop plants, such information lacks regarding safflower. Thus the present study was aimed at estimating the contribution of photosynthesis of safflower head and the two adjacent leaves to the grain yield of this oil seed crop. A 4-replicate RCBD field experiment was conducted at Lavark Research Farm, Isfahan U. of Tech., using four genotypes (Nebraska10, Kouseh, Arak2811 and K12) and three levels of shading (heads only, heads and the two adjacent leaves and control) on safflower heads following pollination, using khaki paper bags. Genotypes differed in terms of days to heading and maturity, height, number of heads per plant, number of seeds per head, 1000-seed weight, seed weight per head and grain yield per plant. Shading on safflower head and the two adjacent leaves led to a significant decrease in number of seeds per head, 1000-seed weight, seed weight per head, grain yield per plant and harvest index. There was not a significant difference between the two levels of shading treatment. It could be concluded that, with the environmental conditions experienced during spring 2003 at Isfahan, the photosynthetic products of safflower head and the two adjacent leaves may contribute to grain yield per plant by as much as 37 percent.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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