Volume 10, Number 1 (spring 2006)                   JWSS 2006, 10(1): 1-13 | Back to browse issues page

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H. Afzalimehr, M. Heidarpour, S. H. Farshi. Regime Theory and Its Application for Uniform and Non-Uniform Flows. JWSS. 2006; 10 (1) :1-13
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-519-en.html

Abstract:   (18035 Views)
Suitable stable channel design and optimization of river geometry can reduce cost of projects. The regime theory provides the possibility of empirical and semi-empirical investigations of stable channel design in which erosion and sediment transport are in equilibrium. The objective of this research is an investigation and a comparison of the influence of uniform and non-uniform flows on the prediction of stable channel characteristics. The following empirical and semi-empirical (extremal hypothesis) equations were selected to study the effect of uniform flow: Lacey, Chital, Kondap and Garde, and Chang. Using 24 regime channels in USA, the statistical and graphical approaches were applied to compare and to evaluate the power of prediction of the selected equations. In order to investigate the effect of non-uniform flow structure on the stable channel characteristics, 21 measured velocity profiles in Gamasiab River were applied. Using the boundary-layer theory, shear velocity was computed for each profile. Accordingly, the estimated Shields parameter using the boundary-layer approach is the most effective parameter on the regime channel prediction. Simultaneous application of the non-uniform flow effect and the boundary-layer theory not only remove the risk of spurious correlation but also improve the estimation of stable channel characteristics.
Full-Text [PDF 240 kb]   (1753 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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