Volume 8, Number 2 (summer 2004)                   JWSS 2004, 8(2): 121-134 | Back to browse issues page


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A. F. Mirlohi, M. H. Ehtemam, M. R. Sabzalian. Study of Parameters Involved in Improved Performance of Rice Under Submerged Conditions Using Iranian Varieties. JWSS. 2004; 8 (2) :121-134
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-429-en.html

Abstract:   (15938 Views)
A major limitation for higher yield of rice plant is water availability. Water use efficient varieties tolerant to upland conditions could help to relax this limitation. Three separate experiments were conducted to study the effects of water regimes on growth, aerenchyma formation, and nutrient absorption of Iranian rice varieties. In the first experiment, five varieties of rice were grown under three different irrigation levels. The second experiment involved the study of nutrient uptake by Sazandagee and Tarom varieties under four different water regimes, and in the third experiment, the effect of aeration on growth characteristics of Sazandagee rice was assessed in a hydroponics system. Results of the first experiment showed that submerged conditions continuously or after four weeks of initial growth had a significant effect on plant growth. Aerenchyma formation was affected by rice varieties and was less affected by irrigation status. In the second experiment, plant growth characteristics were affected similar to experiment one. Also it was shown that nutrients such as P, Mg, and Fe were absorbed with higher efficiency under submerged conditions. Results of the third experiment revealed that aeration had no significant effect on plant growth characteristics. Based on the results of these three experiments, it can be concluded that better performance of rice plant under continuous or partial flooding is mainly related to higher absorption of some macro - and micronutrients. Therefore, this parameter should be considered in water management programs for rice.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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