Volume 20, Number 78 (Winter 2017)                   JWSS 2017, 20(78): 125-139 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.jstnar.20.78.125

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Asadi H, Aligoli M, Gorji M. Dynamic Changes of Sediment Concentration in Rill Erosion at Field Experiments. JWSS. 2017; 20 (78) :125-139
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3441-en.html

1. Dept. of Soil Sci., Faculty of Agri c. Eng. and Technol., Univ. of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.
Abstract:   (2419 Views)

This study aimed to investigate the dynamic changes of rill erosion and evaluate the ability of Hairsine-Rose model in estimation of sediment concentration. The experiments were carried out at the Soil and Water Conservation Research Station of Tehran University in Kuhin, Qazvin. Four flow rates were tested at three slopes in trapezoidal hand-made rills of 3 m long and 5 cm base width. Outflows were sampled periodically to determine changes in sediment concentration. The experiments were repeated in early autumn and mid spring. Sediment concentration showed a dynamic change with time which was affected by flow rate, slope and season. The sediment concentration was high in the first few minutes of the experiment but over time, dropped and finally reached a more or less stable state. The effects of flow rate and slope were more detectable on sediment concentration at the early unsteady conditions than at the final steady conditions. Though the temporal trends were similar, the sediment concentration was generally higher in autumn than in spring. Hairsine-rose model showed a better performance at lower flow stream powers but generally over predicted sediment concentration showing a systematic error probably due to model formulation.

Full-Text [PDF 518 kb]   (541 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2017/01/24 | Accepted: 2017/01/24 | Published: 2017/01/24

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