Volume 21, Number 2 (Summer 2017)                   JWSS 2017, 21(2): 1-14 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.jstnar.21.2.1

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Khoshravesh M, Valizadeh M. The Effects of Constructing Irrigation and Drainage Network of Rajaei Dam on Spatial and Temporal Changes of Groundwater Quality and Quantity. JWSS. 2017; 21 (2) :1-14
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3262-en.html

Assistant Professor 1. Dept. of Water Eng., Faculty of Agric. Eng., Sari Agric. Sci. and Natural Resour. Univ., Sari, Iran.
Abstract:   (630 Views)

Construction of a dam in the upstream of Tajan basin, as one of the human activities in order to provide drinking water, hydropower, agriculture, flood control or other purposes, can be effective on other sectors such as water resources. The purpose of this study is investigating the impact of Rajaei dam on groundwater resources in Sari-Neka plain during 26 years period (1985-2011) using geostatistical method, parametric and non-parametric tests. The results of statistical tests showed that groundwater table variation during 26 years has experienced insignificant upward trend. Quality factors such as EC, TDS, TH, Cl, SO4, Mg, Na and SAR had significant downward trend at 5% confidence level for Pearson and Kendall test. The Quality changes of groundwater resources in the region had good condition due to construction of dam. The results of spatial analysis for the study area using Kriging interpolation method in the three years for 1985, 1999, 2011 showed that in 1999 (the year of exploitation of the dam) most of the quality factors had reached the highest level from 1985 until the dam operation (1999) and then decreased to 2011. The results of this study showed that, agricultural activities after dam construction, operation of irrigation system and drainage network design of Rajaei dams, have raised the water table in northern part of the region and consequently had a significant impact on the quality of water resources.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/05/8 | Accepted: 2016/07/27 | Published: 2017/08/27

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