Volume 21, Number 2 (Summer 2017)                   JWSS 2017, 21(2): 29-43 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.jstnar.21.2.29

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Jalilian F, Behmanesh B, Mohammad Esmaeili M, Gholami P. Comparison of Rangeland Vegetation Cover and Soil Properties Variations Affected by Flood Spreading, Enclosure and Grazing Uses. JWSS. 2017; 21 (2) :29-43
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3112-en.html

Abstract:   (777 Views)

In this study, different indices of vegetation cover variations and different physicochemical properties of soil in three treatments of flood spreading, enclosure and grazing (control) were investigated and compared in in the region of Peshert in Mazandaran province. In order to measure different soil characteristics, 18 soil samples (six withdrawals at any treatment) from a depth of zero to 30 cm were taken from the desired treatments. In order to investigate different vegetation indices, a total of 90 plots (nine transects of 100 m) were run using systematic random sampling in the studied treatments and the necessary measurements were done (30 plots at any treatment). Then, in each of these plots, canopy coverage percentage was determined separately for each species and to evaluate and assess the diversity and richness in all three treatments, Shannon-Wiener and Simpson diversity indices and Menhink and Margalef richness indices were used. Finally, the data obtained from both sections of soil and vegetation in three studied treatments were compared and analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Duncan test. The results showed that floodwater spreading and enclosure significantly increased the percentage of sand and total Nitrogen, and significantly reduced the percentage of silt and potassium compared to control treatment. Also, percentage of clay and organic matter, soil pH levels, conductivity and soil phosphorus showed no significant differences in the treatments under study. The results of variance analysis of various indices of diversity, richness and species evenness showed that all indicators had significant responses in three treatments and the highest diversity and species richness were observed in flood spreading and enclosure treatments. Due to changes in soil properties and vegetation in flood spreading and enclosure treatments compared to the control treatment, it can be stated that operations of floodwater spreading and enclosure in the studied region has had positive effect on modification of soil texture, increasing the permeability of the soil and ultimately improvement of the vegetation.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2015/10/8 | Accepted: 2016/08/30 | Published: 2017/08/27

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