Volume 3, Number 1 (spring 1999)                   JWSS 1999, 3(1): 35-49 | Back to browse issues page


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Khosravinia H, Edriss M A, Pourreza J, Ansari S. Genetic and Phenotypic Parameters of Growth, Feed Consumption and Conversion Ratio of Native Chickens and Their Crosses with an Exotic Breed. JWSS. 1999; 3 (1) :35-49
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-31-en.html

Abstract:   (19859 Views)
To estimate heritability, and genetic and phenotypic relationships and also to study the effect of sex and rearing environment on body weight, weight gain, feed consumption and feed conversion coefficient, the data from 1200 pedigreed male and female chickens from three genetic groups including 90 sires were used. The included genetic groups were crosses of native chickens and an exotic breed (group A), native chickens which were selected for two generations on the basis of 8th week body weight (group B) and a control group of native chickens (group C). All the chicks were reared up to four weeks of age on the ground in separated pens according to their sire groups. In order to calculate feed conversion coefficient, 498 chicks were placed in individual cages during four to ten weeks of age. The results showed that the cross group (A) compared to the other two groups had a higher body weight at 2, 3, 6, 8 and 10 weeks of age. Weight gain, feed conversion coefficient and consumption at periods of 4-6, 6-8, 8-10 and 4-10 weeks were also higher in the cross group. Genetic groups B and C, in spite of better performance of group B for most of the traits, did not have any significant differences for the compared traits. Estimated heritabilities on the basis of sire variance component showed that these traits were medium to highly heritable. Estimated heritabilities for feed consumption at different ages ranged from 0.15 to 0.44 which at any age was lower than that estimated for feed conversion coefficient. Genetic and phenotypic correlations between growth traits were positive and, in most of the cases, high. Correlations between nutritional traits at different ages were variable.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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