Volume 18, Number 68 (summer 2014)                   JWSS 2014, 18(68): 227-242 | Back to browse issues page


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Hassanpour A, Zahedi M, Khoshgoftarmanesh A H. Effects of Companion Crops (Bean, Soybean and Mungbean) on Uptake of Cadmium from Soil by Corn and Sunflower as the Main Crops. JWSS. 2014; 18 (68) :227-242
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2790-en.html

Dept. of Agron. and Plant Breed, College of Agric., Isf. Univ. Technol., Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (6205 Views)
In a pot experiment, the effect of soybeans, mung beans and beans on the corn and sunflowers in a cadmium contaminated soil was studied in a completely randomized design with three replications. The treatments consisted of intercropping of corn and mung bean corn and beans, corn and soybean, sunflower and mung bean, sunflower and beans, sunflower and soybean monoculture of corn, and monoculture of sunflower. There were significant effects of cocropping of companion crops on shoot dry weigh, the concentration of cadmium and zinc and the chlorophyll content of corn and sunflower. In this study the shoot weight of corn grown with bean and soybean and that of sunflower grown with bean plants was decreased as compared to the related monocultures. The concentration of cadmium was increased in the corn grown with soybean or mungbean and in sunflower grown with soybean. Co- cropping with bean plants had no significant effects on the concentration of cadmium in corn or sunflower. Among companion crops, the concentration of cadmium was higher in bean plants compared to those of soybean and mungbean plants. The chlorophyll content in the leaves of corn plants grown with mungbean was increased with an increase in cadmium concentration. However, this trend was not observed in other treatments. The results of this study show that co- cropping with either soybean or mungbean may increase cadmium uptake by corn and sunflower which in turn may increase the risk of inflowing of toxin cadmium into the food chain. However, further study needs to re-evaluate the effect of these companion crops on the distribution of cadmium in the edible parts of corn and sunflower.
Full-Text [PDF 431 kb]   (977 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2014/09/16 | Accepted: 2014/09/16 | Published: 2014/09/16

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