Volume 18, Number 68 (summer 2014)                   JWSS 2014, 18(68): 69-78 | Back to browse issues page

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Sarmast M, Farpoor M H, Sarcheshmehpoor M, Karimian Eghbal M. Effect of Biocalcite on some Physical Properties of Sandy Soils. JWSS. 2014; 18 (68) :69-78
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2777-en.html

Shahid Bahonar Univ. Kerman, Iran
Abstract:   (4970 Views)
Biocalcite infilling and bridging in a sandy soil was studied in the present research. Effects of 2 bacterial species (Sporosarcina pasteurii and Sporosarcina ureae), 3 reactant concentrations (0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 M of urea and CaCl2 mixture), and 6 reaction times (12, 24, 48, 96, 192, and 288 hr) on saturated hydraulic conductivity and mechanical strength of a sandy soil were studied as a factorial experiment. Soil samples were selected from sand dunes of Joopar area, Kerman Province. Bacterial inoculums and reactant solutions were daily added to soil columns. Results of the study showed that S. pasteuriihad had a higher effect on decreasing hydraulic conductivity of the treated samples (11.57 cm/h) compared to the blank (41.61 cm/h) than S. ureae. Increasing reaction times (from 12 to 288 hrs) and reactant concentrations (from 0.5 to 1.5 M) decreased hydraulic conductivity by 49 and 16 %, respectively. S. pasteurii increased strength of treated samples up to 2.6 Mpa pressure compared to S. ureae. Reactant concentrations and reaction times increased soil strength significantly (2.13 and 4.1 Mpa, respectively). Micromorphological observation showed calcite crystals bridging soil particles and filling pore spaces.
Full-Text [PDF 456 kb]   (1038 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2014/09/15 | Accepted: 2014/09/15 | Published: 2014/09/15

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