Volume 18, Number 68 (summer 2014)                   JWSS 2014, 18(68): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page


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Azimzadeh H, Fotoohi F, Ekhtesasi M R. Comparison of Allmaras and Chain Roughness Indices in Arid Plains. JWSS. 2014; 18 (68) :1-10
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2769-en.html

Dept. of Environ. Sci., College of Natur. Resour. and Desert Stud., Yazd Univ., Yazd, Iran.
Abstract:   (2960 Views)
Soil surface roughness (SSR) is one of the important factors in wind and water erosion studies and control. Several parameters such as surface rock fragments influence SSR. Main objectives of this paper are to study and compare (Allmarass) random roughness (RR) and tortuosity (Tb) indices in coarse, medium and fine grain plains of Yazd-Ardakan and investigate the relationship between indices and desert pavement coverage. Roughness data were obtained by pin roghness-meter and roller chain in the three mentioned plains. RR and Tb were measured in 90cm transect length with systematic sampling pattern after determining the boundary of three kinds of plains. In each plain, 30 transects were randomly sampled and the height of soil surface roughness fractions was recorded. Distance of pins in the applied roughness meter is about 2cm. Therefore, in each 90 cm transect the height of 46 points was measured. Desert pavement coverage was measured in 20×20cm2 plots. The result showed that desert pavement coverage in coarse, medium and fine grain plains were in the range of 55-100, 40-85 and less than 5%, respectively. The relationship between RR and desert pavement was significant. The result of ANOVA (Duncan) showed, RR and Tb were significantly different in coarse, medium and fine grain plains (p-value<0.01). In addition, by increasing desert pavement percentage RR and Tb increased exponentially in base of Neper number. The relation between RR and desert pavement coverage is stronger than Tb and desert pavement coverage. Correlation between the two measured indices was calculated and compared in different plains. The result revealed that about 54, 33 and 14% of the arability in Tb could be explained by RR in coarse and medium grain plains, respectively. The correlations of two indices were significant in coarse and medium plain and insignificant in fine grain plain. The trend of RR and Tb decreased from mountain to plain center. Although RR increased slightly in fine grain plain, the difference was not significant.
Full-Text [PDF 453 kb]   (1028 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2014/09/15 | Accepted: 2014/09/15 | Published: 2014/09/15

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