Volume 16, Number 62 (Winte - 2013 2013)                   JWSS 2013, 16(62): 205-216 | Back to browse issues page


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M. Toozandehjani, M. Kashefipour. Laboratory Investigation of the Effect of Diversion Dam Underflow on the Hydraulic Jump Characteristics . JWSS. 2013; 16 (62) :205-216
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2505-en.html

Abstract:   (7144 Views)
One of the usual ways to dissipate excess energy in the dam's downstream is hydraulic jump. Hydraulic jump is a rapidly varied flow, in which the flow conditions change from supercritical to sub-critical with a large amount of energy loss. In this research, a combination of two water jets in the form of overflow dam and underflow through a slot on the body of an ogee dam with the USBR standard was established in order to decrease the length and sequent depth in a hydraulic jump. In these experiments, the underflow from the slot was designed with three out passages of 0, 45, and 90 degrees in respect horizontal line. Six different discharge ratios were used for each slot and the effect of each experiment conditions on decreasing of the length and sequent depth of hydraulic jump was investigated. The results showed that the confluence of two jets with 45 degrees from the slot had the maximum effect on the reducing of the length of hydraulic jump and sequent depth, and when 26 percent of the total discharge passed through the slot as underflow, it caused the length of hydraulic jump to be reduced by 50 percent in comparison with the classic jump. This slot not only decreases the length and sequent depth of hydraulic jump but also the sediment behind the dam can be evacuated through it. Moreover, it increases the discharge coefficient.
Full-Text [PDF 459 kb]   (1252 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2013/03/13

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