Volume 16, Number 60 (Summer 2012)                   JWSS 2012, 16(60): 131-143 | Back to browse issues page


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R. Hamzenejad Taghlidabad, H. Khodaverdiloo, S. Rezapour, SH. Manafi. Evaluating of Efficiency of Three Halophyte Plants for Reduction of Soil Exchangeable Sodium (ESP) and Cadmium (Cd) and Lead (Pb) Contamination. JWSS. 2012; 16 (60) :131-143
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2312-en.html

Abstract:   (12929 Views)
Soil contamination with heavy metals, including Cd and Pb, is of serious concern. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficiency of Atriplex verucifera, Salicornia europaea and Chenopodium album for simultaneous remediation of soil exchangeable sodium percentage and Cd and Pb contamination in two soils with different properties. Two soils, including a saline-sodic-calcareous (S1) and calcareous (S2) soil, were selected. Different concentrations of Pb and Cd were then added to the soils. The contaminated soils were incubated under a wetting-drying cycle for nearly seven months. The plants, seeds were grown in pots containing different treatments of polluted soils and in control treatment (no Cd and Pb contaminations). The plant yields and concentrations of Pb, Cd and Na in the soil and plant samples were measured. A considerable accumulation of soil Cd by Salicornia and Pb accumulation by Atriplex and Salicornia was observed under unsuitable conditions of the saline-sodic soil, whereas Atriplex and Chenopodium had high capability for Cd in the soil S2. Also these plants caused the reduction of ESP in soil S1. The results revealed that these plants could be used for remediation of Pb and Cd contaminated soils. In this study, Salicornia with lower rate of yield reduction had the highest tolerance to Cd-stress. Understanding the complex plant and soil (salinity-sodicity and soil metal concentration) factors controlling the metals concentrations in the plants will help to design phytoextraction technology for arid, salt-affected regions.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/09/11

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