Volume 16, Number 60 (Summer 2012)                   JWSS 2012, 16(60): 81-93 | Back to browse issues page


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M. Pirzadeh, M. Afyuni, A. H. Khoshgoftarmanesh. Status of Zinc and Cadmium in Paddy Soils and Rice in Isfahan, Fars and Khuzestan Provinces and their Effect on Food Security. JWSS. 2012; 16 (60) :81-93
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2308-en.html

Abstract:   (11698 Views)
This study was carried out to investigate zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd) concentration in paddy soil and rice grain produced in central and southwest Iran in relation to soil and plant factors, and their intake in peoples diet was also assessed. Rice crops and associated surface soils (0-30 cm) were collected from 136 fields in Isfahan, Fars and Khuzestan provinces. The result, showed the DTPA-Zn concentration in more than 50% of paddy soils was less than its critical deficiency concentration (2 mg kg-1). The grain Zn concentration in more than 54% of the rice samples was less than 20 mg kg-1. The measured Cd concentrations in paddy soils and edible part of rice exceeded the world health organization (WHO) value in more than 12% of the samples. By considering the average daily rice consumption of 110 g per capita, the Zn intake from rice consumption was estimated about 10% needed for female and male adult. Diet intake analysis did not indicate any excessive dietary intake of Cd when Cd mean of concentrations in rice grain was 0.04 mg/kg, but based on the results of risk analysis, it is more than safely level for contaminated rice.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/09/11

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