Volume 16, Number 60 (Summer 2012)                   JWSS 2012, 16(60): 45-54 | Back to browse issues page

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M. Navabian, M. Aghajani. Evaluating the Effect of Fresh and Saline Water Irrigation Management on Hashemi Rice Yield. JWSS. 2012; 16 (60) :45-54
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2305-en.html

Abstract:   (9082 Views)
In Guilan province, Sefidrud River, as the main source of irrigating rice in Guilan province, has been subjected to increasing salinity and a decreasing discharge because of decreasing in the volume of sefidrud dam, diverting water upstream and entering different sewages into the river. This research tries to determine optimum irrigation depth and intermittent periods in proportion to salinity resistance at different growth stages using optimization- simulation model. After calibration, Agro-hydrological SWAP model was used to simulate different growth stages of rice. Optimization results were obtained for managing fresh and saline intermittent water, 8-day intermittent period, for salinity of 0.747 dS/m in sensitive maturity stage and salinity of 3.36 dS/m in resistant vegetative, tiller and harvest growth stages. It is suggested that the depth of irrigation water be 1, 3, 3 and 5 cm for vegetative, tiller, maturity and harvest stages, respectively. Comparing managements of irrigation and saline based on the resistance of different growth stages to salinity and exploitation of irrigating water with a constant salinity during growth periods of the plant showed that irrigation management based on resistance of different growth periods of the plant to salinity causes rice yield to be improved by 23percent.
Full-Text [PDF 362 kb]   (2336 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/09/11

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