Volume 18, Number 67 (Spring 2014)                   JWSS 2014, 18(67): 123-134 | Back to browse issues page

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A. Hasani Nekou, A. Karimi, GH. Haghnia, M. H. Mahmoudy Gharaie. Effect of Parent Materials and Pedogenic Processes on Distribution of Pb, Zn, Cu, and Ni in the Residual Soils of Binaloud Zone, Western Mashhad . JWSS. 2014; 18 (67) :123-134
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2088-en.html

Abstract:   (3913 Views)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of parent materials and pedogenic processes on distribution of Pb, Zn, Cu, and Ni in the residual soils derived from different parent materials in the Binaloud zone, western Mashhad. Two soil profiles on the summit of granitic, ultrabasic and metamorphic rocks were described and sampled from their genetic horizons. Pseudototal concentrations of selected heavy metals and fractions of these metals were determined using aqua-regia and sequential extraction methods, respectively. 178.1-419.7 mg kg-1of Ni in ultrabasic soil versus 0.7-27.5 mg kg-1 in the granitic soil make the Ni a distinctive element in the studied area. Cu with the average contents of 60 and 56.3 mg kg-1 in the ultrabasic and metamorphic soils respectively showed more concentration in comparison to granitic soils with 12.1 mg kg-1. The amount of Zn was not significantly different among the soils, although the average of this element in the granitic soil (55 mg kg-1) is slightly more than the other soils. Pb was only detectable in the surface layers of all pedons reaching up to 6 mg kg-1. Residual fraction except Ni and Cu in granitic soil was the main fraction for all of the studied heavy elements that was expectable according to the low weathering intensity of the soils. The eolain addition of gypsum and carbonates have influenced heavy metals concentration, especially in surface horizons. In conclusion, the amount of heavy metals was significantly affected by parent materials and the eolian deposition must be considered as the secondary influencing factor.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/04/10 | Accepted: 2012/09/25 | Published: 2014/06/7

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