Volume 15, Issue 55 (spring 2011)                   JWSS 2011, 15(55): 69-84 | Back to browse issues page


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M. Shadmani, S. Marofi. Comparison of Some Methods for Estimation of Daily Pan Evaporation: Case Study in Kerman Region. JWSS. 2011; 15 (55) :69-84
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1544-en.html

Abstract:   (18844 Views)
In this research, based on the observed data of Class A pan evaporation and application of non-linear regression (NLR), artificial neural network (ANN), neuro-fuzzy (NF) as well as Stephens-Stewart (SS) methods daily evaporation of Kerman region was evaluated. In the cases of NLR, ANN and NF methods, the input variables were air temperature (T), air pressure, relative humidity (RH), solar radiation (SR) and wind speed (U2) which were used in various combinations to estimate daily pan evaporation (Ep) defined as output variable. Performance of the methods was evaluated by comparing the observed and estimated data, using determination coefficient (R2), root mean square error (RMSE) and mean absolute error (MAE). Based on the observed data at Kerman meteorological station, the monthly and annual average evaporation values of the region were 272 and 3263 mm, respectively. The results of this study indicated that NF method is the most suitable method to estimate daily Class A pan evaporation. The statistics criteria of this model which is constituted based on the 5 input parameters were R2 = 0.85, RMSE=1.61 and MAE= 1.24 mm day-1. The sensitivity analysis of NF model revealed that the estimated EP is more sensitive to T and U2 (as the input variables), respectively. Due to weak accuracy of SS method, a new modification step of the model was also developed based on the SR and T in order to have a more exact daily evaporation estimation of the region. However, the result of the modified model was not acceptable
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2011/06/25

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