Volume 14, Number 52 (sumer 2010)                   JWSS 2010, 14(52): 87-98 | Back to browse issues page

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Zolfi Bavariani, Nouruzi. Effect of Organic Matter on Residual Phosphorus Recovering in a Calcareous soil . JWSS. 2010; 14 (52) :87-98
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1225-en.html

Abstract:   (20678 Views)
Most part of the applied phosphorus is fixed in the calcareous soil. Some part of residual phosphorus can be recovered by the plants of the following years. It is reported that organic matter is one of most important factors in phsphorus recovering. This expriment was designed in permanent plot to evaluate the effect of organic matter on residual phosphorus recovering in a calcareous soil. The expriment was conducted on randomized complete block design in a factorial manner with three replications in four years. Treatments were consisted of farm yard manure(FYM) in three levels ( 0, 15, and 30 ton ha-1) and three levels of phosphrus ( 0, 90 and 180 kg ha-1 as P2O5 from triple super phosphate (TSP). Phosphorus fertilizer was applied only in the first year of expriment, but FYM was used in all of the years. Onion, canola, bean and spinage were planted in the four years of experiment, respectively. Results showed that maximum yield, P concentratin in plant and soil phosphorus availability were followed by application of FYM and P(residual) together in all of the years. This increase was mainly by direct effect of P in the first year of expriment, but recovered phosphrus by FYM had maximum role in the later years. More than 53% of increase in phosphrus availability in soil and 21% of increase in yield resulted from recovered phosphprus by FYM in the treatment of 30 ton.ha-1 FYM and 180 kg.ha-1 P2O5 together in the last year.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2010/09/19

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